Cabinets are classified as kitchen wall, kitchen base, and tall cabinets. Kitchen wall cabinets are normally 12 inches deep and either 12, 24, 30, 36, or 42 inches high. They are mounted at 18 inches above a kitchen counter, or 54 inches above finished floor (AFF). A 42-inch-high cabinet placed at 54 inches AFF results in a height of 96 inches, or 8 feet, which is the standard height for a residential kitchen. When the kitchen is taller than 8 feet, wall cabinets can be stacked to achieve a taller cabinet. For 9-foot ceilings, a 12-inch-high wall cabinet is often stacked above a 36-inch-high cabinet, leaving 6 inches for wide crown molding at the ceiling. Wall cabinets generally have doors. If they are manufactured boxes, they will be available from 9 inches wide to 48 inches wide in increments of 3 to 6 inches, such as 9, 12, 1 5, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 54, and 60 inches. If they are custom made by a cabinet company, they can be made any size to fit the space available.
Decorating Gallery 3.16 A Frameless Cabinet Will Have the Cabinet Box Covered When the Door Is Closed.
Decorating Gallery 3.17 A Face Frame Cabinet Will Have Some of the Frame Covered by the Door When the Door Is Closed.
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Drawer cabinets are usually in the lower part, the kitchen base cabinets. Drawer glides come in different qualities to take various weights, or have a quiet closing feature. Some drawers are called pull-outs. These cabinets pull all the drawers out with a single pull. They can be wide and used for baking dishes, or narrow and used for spice jars. Kitchen base cabinets are generally 24 inches deep and 34V inches high. This allows for a countertop to be placed on top to bring the counter up to 36 inches above finished floor. Base cabinet depth can be altered for design purposes. Base cabinets can be either door cabinets or drawer cabinets. Most companies offer different qualities of hinges and drawer glides for light use or heavy use. The base cabinets normally have a recess 4 inches deep by 4 inches high at the floor level known as a toe kick, to allow more comfortable standing while working at the counter. Architectural Millwork Wood pieces that trim around architectural openings are called millwork or architectural trim. When millwork is applied, the opening is called a cased opening, referring to the millwork as casing. Millwork not only adds a protection to the wall edge but it is also a nice design feature. Throughout history, millwork has been used, resulting in certain motifs or shapes being appropriate for re-creating a specific design period. Baseboards, crown moldings, door and window jambs, thresholds, and window sills are typical pieces of millwork. These pieces are available in standard shapes, sizes, and species of wood. Commonly they are available in pine or oak at home improvement stores; however, they are also made in other woods and medium-density fiberboard that is available through specialty lumber yards. When a project uses a specialty wood throughout, then the millwork will Decorating Gallery 3.18 This Pull-Out Drawer Is Located Next to the Stove Top for Convenient Location of Cooking Ingredient Containers. need to be created out of that same wood. The designer will need to select the shape, or profile, for the trim.
Millwork is produced in long strips, usually from 8 feet up to 16 feet, and shaped into a profile. The long strip of wood is fed into a machine called a shaper that cuts the desired shape to create the profile a designer selects. Designers can select the look they want from a catalog of profiles, sometimes combining two or more profiles for spaces that need larger proportions. Different or unusual shapes can be made by custom order. The website at www.mouldingandmillwork.com/buildups.php shows how to use moldings to create a wall trim or mantel.