10 Country Home Design Ideas

Cabinet Installation

Cabinet installation is started by checking to see that all pieces on the drawing are at the site. Upper wall cabinets are hung first, starting with the corner, before base cabinets are in the way. A level line is drawn on the wall at 54 inches AFF. If a crown molding is to be installed, consider its placement for the molding at this time. Cabinet boxes are attached with 2V-inch finish screws to the wall studs without doors or drawers for easier installation. All cabinets should be checked for levelness as they are attached to the wall. The upper cabinets are clamped and screwed to each other as they are mounted to the wall. If cabinets do not meet due to the walls not being square, fill in with shims to keep the cabinets level.

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After the upper wall cabinets are installed, put the base cabinets in position. If they are not being placed on the finished floor, take the finished floor height into account so appliances will be level with the base cabinets. Make sure they are level, or shim them to be level before attaching them to the wall. Also, make sure the fronts of the cabinets are in a straight line and shim to the back wall where necessary. Where plumbing or electrical access is needed, cut the back of the cabinet to line up closely with the fixture. Start attaching the cabinets to the wall at the corner, then other cabinets with critical placements. Use shims or fillers where it is necessary to make the cabinets level. Clamp and screw the cabinets to each other. Attach fillers, trim, and toe kick with indiscreet finish nails. Install the doors and check that they are square with the cabinet. Insert the drawers into the drawer cabinets, making sure they glide easily.

Mark drill holes for drawer pulls to be placed in the center of the drawer front. Cabinet door knobs should be in the corner opposite the hinge and closest to the countertop for ease in opening the doors. If crown molding is used, it attaches to the top of the cabinets and requires the use of a miter saw to cut the corners. If a light rail is used, it attaches to the bottom of the upper wall cabinets and requires the use of a miter saw for the corners. Both can be nailed to the face frame of the upper wall cabinets with brads or finish nails.


Wood needs to be protected from drying out. To keep wood’s moisture intact, a finish of oil or a protective coating must be applied. Most wood will have a protective coating of lacquer, varnish, stain, or paint on it. For these finishes, the wood surfaces need to be cleaned of dust and debris in the air. To remove dust, use a feather duster or soft cotton cloth prior to cleaning. Wood should not be wet, but cleaning can be done with a slightly damp cloth. Murphy’s Oil Soap or other wood cleaner that does not contain waxes or silicone oils can be used when diluted with ten parts water. Do not use soaps, cleaners, solvents, waxes, ammonia, glass cleaner, or other household chemicals containing alkaline. If the finish on the wood is oil, the same type of oil should be applied after the wood is cleaned. Oil finishes need to be reapplied often to keep moisture in the wood.

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