Wood is probably the most versatile material for use in interiors. It has been used for almost all surfaces of interiors from the beginning of time. Throughout history, wood has been used for structures wherever it was available. Because wood was abundant in many areas, it was used for practically every surface in a structure. Wood has been used for substance surfaces, as in flooring, and for structural elements, as in load-bearing beams.
Wood is available for use as a covering of veneer paneling on walls. It can be made into cabinets or used for accent and trim around openings. Wood can also be processed into paper and applied to walls as a decoration, or walls could be made of paper, as is common in Japan.
The properties of different species of wood have made them desirable for various purposes. Woods with smooth graining and medium hardness, such as walnut and cherry, are desirable for furniture and cabinets. Harder woods, such as oak and hickory, are good for flooring. Closed grain woods, such as maple, are used for butcher blocks. Cedar is often used to line closets because it repels moths and other cloth-eating insects. Faster-growing woods, such as pine, are used for building structures and furniture because they are plentiful and
Wood Used on Interior Walls and Ceiling Gives a Warm and Cozy Appearance. The pine paneling, showing its characteristic knots and natural color, yields a relaxed mood reminiscent of early American log cabins, although the large enclosed space and wide windows create a contemporary feeling. Courtesy of Dura-Groove.com and mapleislandloghomes.com quickly resupplied, but their grain and softness are not as desirable for fine-finished wood furniture. Pine is used for rustic or casual looking interiors and furniture.
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Wood is defined as the hard fibrous substance that makes up the greater part of the stems and branches of trees or shrubs beneath the bark. For the purpose of this blog, this home design on wood will include all the materials that come from trees or shrubs. There are various types of wood from various types of trees. CHARACTERISTICS Wood is a fibrous material composed of cellulose, lignin, hemicelluloses, and minor amounts of extraneous materials contained in a cellular structure. Variations in the characteristics and proportions of these components and the differences in cellular structure make woods heavy or light, stiff or flexible, and hard or soft. Wood is also hygroscopic, meaning that it expands when it absorbs moisture and shrinks when it loses moisture. A tree trunk is composed of various materials in concentric circles. The outside of the tree is the outer bark. It provides protection to the softer inner bark and helps limit evaporative water loss. The inner bark is tissue through which sugars produced by photosynthesis are transferred from the leaves to the roots of the tree. Each year new layers of wood cells develop in the cambium layer under the outer bark. This produces an annual ring consisting of a light-colored layer and a darker layer. The sapwood is the band inside the bark. Sapwood is the living wood that conducts the water or sap from the roots up to the leaves. The heartwood is nonconductive, darker-colored wood in the middle of most trees. The pith at the center of the trunk is the remnant of the early growth of the trunk, before wood was formed. As a tree grows, some of its limbs die, leaving a knot where the limb was. The tree trunk will continue to grow thicker, covering the knots with a new layer of growth. When the trunk is sawn into lumber, any knots that appear will affect the grade assigned to the lumber. Knots are considered defects in the structural integrity of wood, but they can be considered desirable in the appearance. A mass of knots results in a burl, which is a tightly swirled grain pattern desirable for furniture.
Wood is known for both its desirable properties and its undesirable properties. Among its good properties are strength, in both tensile (parallel to grain) and compression (perpendicular to grain) directions. Strength refers to a material’s ability to withstand an applied load without failure. Wood’s strength normally comes into consideration for structural members rather than finishes. However, at times structural wood is seen, such as exposed beams or flooring materials, so the structural material is also the finish material. For decades, the wood industry has been developing engineered wood products to increase wood’s natural strength. When layers of wood are laminated (glued together), they become stronger. One form of lamination is called glulam, which is made into load-bearing beams. A newer product is called cross-laminated timber (CLT), which is comprised of boards stacked together at right angles and glued over their entire surface.
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