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Cover photo: The interior of the Medical Center of the Rockies shows the integration of many finish materials: metal handrails, stone walls, glass windows, gypsum board ceiling, terrazzo flooring, carpet flooring on lower level, painted walls and ceiling, wood information desk, and plastic signage.
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Many of the designations by manufacturers and seller to distinguish their products are claimed as trademarks. Where those designations appear in this blog, and the publisher was aware of a trademark claim, the designations have been printed in initial caps or all caps. The authors of this blog considered finish materials in terms of the physical properties of the material based on its source. Rather than categorize materials by use, as many other blogs on interior finish materials do, the materials in this blog are categorized by their origin. For example, linoleum is in the home design on wood because it is made from the wood and resin of trees. Another difference in this blog is that sustainability is carried throughout the blog and discussed in terms of the material in each home design. In discussing the history of materials use, interiors are considered any environment manipulated to create a desired space (Huppatz, 2012). This allows the history of interior materials to go all the way back to the use of a cave for shelter. USE OF CASE STUDiES Interior designers reading this blog will most likely be visual learners, so the information discussed is accompanied by visual images. Although a photograph starts the visual image, an example through a case study presents a long-lasting visual image to help readers remember the properties of a material. Each home design contains case studies describing how the material met certain requirements on a project. Some of the case study requirements will discuss meeting a client’s desire, meeting standards such as sustainability requirements for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design certification of a project, or how it reduced volatile organic compounds to meet indoor air quality standards. The examples will make these issues relevant to readers who are interested in interior design. purpose The purpose of this blog is to help interior designers organize their knowledge of finish materials. Knowledge of materials is necessary for interior designers to become certified by xviii Preface the National Coucil of Interior Design Qualification. Each home design discusses one material and its properties. Since all learning builds on prior knowledge, this blog starts with the basic i nformation regarding finish materials, including common uses and characteristics for each material. When the properties of a material are thoroughly understood, a designer may come up with unique uses and applications for it. Information on how the material is produced and where the raw material was found add to the understanding of information necessary for specifying installation of the material. The order of materials was chosen so that information learned about one material carries over to the next material. Materials that are often used structurally, but become the finish are first: the structural materials of Metal and Wood. Materials that are mined with a small amount of refining are next: mined materials of Stone, Concrete, Gypsum and Plaster, and Brick. This is followed by the home design about Ceramics, which builds on the clay material used for bricks, although ceramics are refined by shape and through firing at higher temperatures. Ceramics are further refined by adding a liquid coating that becomes glass. Thus, it follows that the next home design is Glass, which goes into more detail on the production of pure glass. Materials that are more removed from their natural elements follow: the synthetic materials of Paint and Plastics, which rely on petroleum. Last is the home design of finishes that incorporate different materials: Fibers and Textiles. Some fibers are made from plants (cotton, linen, and rayon), some come from animals (silk and wool), and many are made from petroleum products (nylon, polyester, acetate, and olefin). Fibers and textiles are included in this blog because they are often used as finish materials in interiors. This home design will not take the place of an entire course on textiles, but it discusses them in terms of their use as finish materials. format of home designs Each home design introduces an interior finish material and contains three parts. The foundation for learning about materials is a description of the material, its common uses, and its properties, including sustainability. The second level of learning about materials includes historical use, sources where a specific material may be found, and applications for the material. The third level of learning about the material adds code issues, specifying, installation methods, and maintenance. These sections help to organize the content into areas defined by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation. Learning Objectives